Using the Embed feature we can now insert the HTML table code. The resultant table will be responsive, meaning the table width will change depending on the window width.

Be aware if you do decide to use the embed code feature or any other method on this site the content will not get indexed in site search.

Another option is to create a chart of type table in a spreadsheet and insert it.

Another workaround is to create a table in Google Drawings and insert it from there.

To insert it first share it, either publicly or to anyone with the link and copy the sharing link. Then in the site use the embed URL function or use the From Drive option.

You can place links in a cell as in Cell 1.

Note that when these methods are used, the information will not be found in search.